Predict-and-control is the ideology that believes in looking forward, predicting outcomes and then building control based systems to make those predictions a reality.
There are two inherent assumptions to predict-and-control:
1. We can accurately predict outcomes
2. We can and should use control based mechanisms to achieve desired results (while enduring or ignoring negative consequences to these mechanisms)
Predict-and-control is present in any scenario that involves any form of planning, forecasting or deciding futures on behalf of other people. Examples include: budgeting; strategic planning; centralised decision making; behaviour incentivisation; overly complicated project management; excessive risk management; typical change management projects - these are all manifestations of the predict-and-control mentality.
As with command-and-control (see: "What is command-and-control?"), the status quo mindset finds it hard to comprehend that there is an alternative to predict-and-control. Moreover, that we shouldn't deem any alternative worth pursuing by comparison.
The alternative could, perhaps, be best described as "sense-and-respond" (see: "What is the sense-and-respond model?").